Map of the outages caused by the October 21, 2016 attacks (Image courtesy

A few days after the attacks incredibly massive attacks suffered in two stages by Dyn, a provider of Internet service including the DNS management, information, estimates on affected devices and theories on the potential culprits keep on arriving. Very high profile sites such as the social networks Twitter and Reddit, famous online services such as e-Bay, Netflix and Spotify and other sites have been hit more or less hard. The involvement of many devices for the Internet of Things shows how their security is too often non-existent.

2001: A Space Odyssey by Arthur C. Clarke

The novel “2001: A Space Odyssey” by Arthur C. Clarke was published for the first time in 1968.

Moon-Watcher and his group of hominids barely survive in the veldt eating the few roots and berries they can find. The presence of other hominids in the area makes their situation even more difficult until one day the appearance of a monolith changes everything. Moon-Watcher and the other hominids of his group learn new things that allow them to dominate the territory.

On the Moon a secret research is investigating a mysterious monolith. Dr. Heywood Floyd goes there on the pretext of a possible epidemic in the human outpost and he’s explained that the object is for sure of alien origin. When it’s brought to the surface and at dawn is hit by sunlight, it sends a signal. The spaceship “Discovery” is sent in the Saturn system, officially on a scientific mission.

John Barrowman in 2014

On October 22, 2006 the TV show “Torchwood” made its debut. It’s a “Doctor Who” spin-off.

The producer Russell T Davies started developing an idea concerning a science fiction TV show before he even started working on the new “Doctor Who” series. The term “Torchwood” was originally used for “Doctor Who” – of which is an anagram – during the filming of the first episodes to avoid unwanted attention. When Russell T Davies started thinking about his idea again, he decided to make it a “Doctor Who” spin-off and to use “Torchwood” as its title.

The new show was developed with the idea that it was aimed at a more adult audience than its mother show but several connections were built to give an idea of the Torchwood Institute functions. In the episode “Tooth and Claw” its origin is explained, decided by Queen Victoria after she met the Doctor and discovered the existence of alien threats.

Daniel Fisher with his team and the mastodon skull (Photo courtesy Levi Stroud, Michigan News. All rights reserved)

An American mastodon (Mammut americanum) skeleton considered the most complete among those found since the 1940s was discovered in the region called the Thumb in Michigan, USA. A four-day excavation at the Fowler Center for Outdoor Learning, near the city of Mayville, conducted by a team led by the University of Michigan with a number of volunteers made it possible to dig up about 75% of the specimen’s complete or nearly complete bones.

The novel “Servants of the Wankh”, also known as “The Wannek” by Jack Vance was published for the first time in 1969. It’s the second novel in the Tschai tetralogy, also known with the global title “Planet of Adventure”, and follows “City of the Chasch”.

Adam Reith continues his attempts to find a spaceship to return to Earth and to leave the planet Tschai is also willing to try to build one. However, it’s difficult to gain access to local technologies and above all very expensive. One option could come from the family of Ylin-Ylang, a woman Reith saved, who is very rich.

Bringing Ylin-Ylang back to her native Cath sounds a good idea but the relationship between the two of them, which at one point was of great passion, freezes down. The woman is linked to the customs of her people and social status is extremely important but her current situation is a source of shame.