Extract of sedimentary rocks (Photo courtesy Stuart Hay / ANU)

An article published in the journal “Nature” describes a research that provides an explanation for the rise of animals on Earth. According to a team of researchers led by the Australian National University (ANU), animals evolved at the height of a series of events. There was the end of the glacial period known as Snowball Earth and the spread of algae, which became together with simple substances a crucial source of nutrients that allowed more complex organisms to emerge.

Trace Memory by David Llewellyn

The novel “Trace Memory” by David Llewellyn was published for the first time in 2008.

In 1953, the explosion of a box sent to Torchwood Cardiff before it reached its destination kills the people who were handling it except a boy named Michael Bellini. 55 years after an alarm is tringgered in the hub and when Captain Jack Harkness and the members of his team in service search for its cause and find out Michael Bellini’s presence. The boy is confused and doesn’t know what happened to him after the 1953 events.

To find out if a temporal anomaly carried Michael Bellini through time, the boy is questioned to get at least some useful information to begin the investigation. Soon the situation becomes stranger because the Captain and his team members realize they’ve met Michael in the past and Jack knows him better than anyone else. Who are the mysterious men in bowler hats who seem to be chasing him and what do they want from him?

The digging of Patagotitan mayorum's bones (Photo courtesy Museo Egidio Feruglio)

An article published in the journal “Proceedings of the Royal Society B” describes the study of the most massive titanosaurus discovered so far. Called Patagotitan mayorum, it was about 37 meters long (122 feet), about 6 meters (20 feet) tall and its weight was estimated at 69 tons, which make it the largest animal that ever lived on the mainland. It lived in the late Cretaceous, between 95 and 100 million years ago, in today’s Patagonia, Argentina.

Crux by Ramez Naam

The novel “Crux” by Ramez Naam was published for the first time in 2013. It’s the second book of the Nexus trilogy and follows “Nexus”.

Six months have passed since Kaden “Kade” Lane publicly released Nexus 5, the latest version of that nanotechnology that allows a direct connection between different minds, and the world’s situation has become explosive between repression and terrorist attacks. Kade and Feng are fleeing, hunted by bounty hunters and governments, but at the same time must try to face events that are likely to lead to a war between humans and posthumans.

Rangan Shankari and Ilya Alexander are prisoners of the US government and are being tortured to be forced to reveal the secrets of Nexus. Samantha “Sam” Cataranes abandoned the ERD and is taking care of a group of childre born with Nexus in their brains but how can she avoid getting involved in the crisis? Kade possesses the secret of Nexus backdoors, will he be wiser than all humanity?

Nyanzapithecus Alesi's skull (Photo courtesy Fred Spoor)

An article published in the journal “Nature” describes the discovery in Kenya of a skull belonging to an infant of a species of ape called Nyanzapithecus Alesi. About 13 million years ago, the specimen died at an estimated age of only 16 months but it’s not possible to determine its gender. The skull is the earliest found so far belonging to an ancestor of hominids and apes.