Rita Levi-Montalcini, neurologist and since 2001 senator for life in the Italian Parliament, passed away today. Born on April 22, 1909 in Turin, Italy, for her discovery of the Nerve Growth Factor (NGF), in 1986 she received the Nobel Prize for medicine.
A recently published study co-authored by researchers Alison Murray and Christian Fritsen from Nevada’s Desert Research Institute (DRI) has revealed the existence of bacteria that survive in Lake Vida, Antarctica, in very extreme conditions.
In December 2010, the discovery of a bacterium called GFAJ-1 in Mono Lake in California caused quite a sensation. The scientists who studied it declared that it was capable of using arsenic instead of phosphorus among the basic elements of its biochemistry. Now two new studies disprove that this bacterium uses arsenic in its DNA.
In 1976, the Viking 1 and 2 landers carried out an experiment on Mars that aimed to test the possibility that there was life on the red planet. Some chemical reactions revealed were unexpected but they weren’t regarded as evidence of the existance of life forms. The issue remained controversial and now an international team of scientists who conducted new analysis on the data from that time concluded that probably there’s life on Mars.
The origin of the mutation of the special sunflowers painted by Vincent van Gogh was mysterious but a recent study by a team of scientists at the University of Georgia has identified the gene responsible.