Biology

Frederick Sanger

Yesterday Frederick Sanger died. He was a British biochemist described by many as one of a fathers of genetics and one of the greatest scientists in the world and not only of his generation. Born in 1918, he received two Nobel Prizes in Chemistry: one in 1958 and one in 1980.

Parasaurolophus cyrtocristatus skeleton

A website has been activated to cover the discovery of a baby dinosaur, specifically a Parasaurolophus lived about 75.5 million years ago. This specimen that probably was less than a year old was found in 2009 in the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument in southern Utah and now has its own virtual museum on the Internet.

Larry Page in the European Parliament in 2009

Google’s co-founder and CEO Larry Page (Photo ©Marcin Mycielski) announced the launch of Calico (California Life Company ), a company that has a really ambitious purpose: challenging the problem of aging and the diseases associated with it. The ultimate goal is longevity or even immortality.

The nucleus accumbens circled in red in the MRI scan of a human brain

A research carried out at the Free University of Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin) and published in “Frontiers in Human Neuroscience” analyzed the effects of Facebook on the human brain. 31 subjects were examined using magnetic resonance imaging while (MRI) while they watched pictures of themselves or other people accompanied by positive comments.

The study of Arabidopsis thaliana aims to understand how the effects of hypobaric environments on the International Space Station determine plant growth in microgravity (Image NASA)

In late May, NASA selected 31 proposals for biological research to be carried out on the International Space Station. In the list there are many types of research, ranging from the growth of plants to cell growth, from researches related to the development of new vaccines to others concerning the strength of human bones. These studies will benefit from a truly unique environment thanks to microgravity and other features that don’t exist on Earth.