NASA’s NuSTAR (Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array) Space Telescope allowed to discover a pulsar with a brightness never seen before. In an article published in the journal “Nature”, the international team led by Matteo Bachetti, who now works at INAF’s Astronomical Observatory of Cagliari and at the time at the Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Planetologie in Toulouse, France, illustrates the research that led to the discovery of this pulsar that emits energy ten million times that of the Sun.
ESA’s XMM-Newton space telescope allowed to study a remarkable gamma-ray burst whose source was labeled as GRB130925A, in a galaxy about 5.6 billion light years from Earth. This gamma-ray burst was originated by a blue supergiant star, a very massive star that is rare today but was probably very common in the early universe.
The Hubble Space Telescope has photographed an extraordinary structure 100,000 light years long containing clusters of young stars that form a sort of bridge around the nuclei of two ancient galaxies within the galaxy cluster known as SDSS J1531 +3414. This unique structure may provide new clues about the formation of star clusters as a result of galaxies mergers.
Astronomical research are getting us used to really bizarre discoveries and sometimes astronomers can truly say they found a jewel in space. In the past, the analysis of the planet 55 Cancri e led to theorize that part of it is a huge diamond, now a team of astronomers has identified a white dwarf that may have turned into a diamond the size of the Earth.
NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) space probe has discovered a square-shaped coronal hole in the Sun’s corona, the outer part of the atmosphere of our star. It’s far south on the Sun so it’s unlikely that the solar wind originated in that area reaches Earth.