After more than two years of work the Debian project has released the version 7.0, code-named “Wheezy” of its famous distribution. Inevitably, Debian GNU/Linux is the best known but there was also the release of Debian GNU/kFreeBSD, which is the Debian distribution based on FreeBSD kernel.
The hardware architectures supported by Debian 7.0 are: 32-bit PC / Intel IA-32 (i386), 64-bit PC / Intel EM64T / x86-64 (amd64), Motorola/IBM PowerPC (powerpc), Sun/Oracle SPARC (sparc), MIPS (mips (big-endian) and mipsel (little-endian)), Intel Itanium (ia64), IBM S/390 (31-bit s390 and 64-bit s390x), and ARM EABI (armel for older hardware and armhf for newer hardware using hardware floating-point).
Among the main updated software packages in Debian 7.0 Wheezy there are:
- Apache 2.2.22
- Asterisk 126.96.36.199
- GIMP 2.8.2
- an updated version of the GNOME desktop environment 3.4
- GNU Compiler Collection 4.7.2
- Icedove 10 (an unbranded version of Mozilla Thunderbird)
- Iceweasel 10 (an unbranded version of Mozilla Firefox)
- KDE Plasma Workspaces and KDE Applications 4.8.4
- kFreeBSD kernel 8.3 and 9.0
- LibreOffice 3.5.4
- Linux 3.2
- MySQL 5.5.30
- Nagios 3.4.1
- OpenJDK 6b27 and 7u3
- Perl 5.14.2
- PHP 5.4.4
- PostgreSQL 9.1
- Python 2.7.3 and 3.2.3
- Samba 3.6.6
- Tomcat 6.0.35 and 7.0.28
- Xen Hypervisor 4.1.4
- the Xfce 4.8 desktop environment
- X.Org 7.7
The total number of packages available for Debian 7.0 Wheezy amounts to more than 36,000, generated from about 17,500 sources. The classic desktop environment KDE, Gnome, Xfce, and LXDE are included.
The installer has been improved and now supports 73 languages, of which more than a dozen can use speech synthesis. It also supports UEFI, though not “Secure Boot”.
One of the new features in Debian 7.0 Wheezy is multiarch support. Now you can install packages created for different architectures on the same computer. In this way you can get packages for 32-bit and 64 architectures together having their dependencies automatically resolved.
Today, cloud computing is a more and more important factor and Debian Wheezy has adapted including in Wheezy the technologies required to create your own cloud infrastructure using free software. The OpenStack® and Xen Cloud Platform (XCP) packages are therefore available.
Debian 7.0 can be used via a live disc or installed using a disc, a USB stick or via network. The images to be used will initially be available for the amd64 and i386 architectures, later they will also be available for other architectures. In the announcement of the new version there are the links needed to find images, installation guides, and other useful links.
The Debian project is of the no-profit kind and is developed by volunteers around the world, however, it’s obvious that to provide us with this extraordinary distribution there are expenses so if you can contribute someway you can go on the donations page on the Debian site to see how you can help them.
As always, the timing of development of the new versions are long but the results are of high quality. Debian is the basis of various other Linux distributions, starting with those of the Ubuntu family. Long Live Debian!