June 20, 2020

Neanderthal relationships tree

An article published in the journal “Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences” reports a high-quality sequencing of the DNA of a Neanderthal woman. A team of researchers led by Svante Pääbo from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, completed the third sequencing of a Neanderthal at such a level. The remains of this woman were discovered in the Chagyrskaya Cave, where she lived between 60,000 and 80,000 years ago, and consequently classified as Chagyrskaya 8. Her genetic characteristics indicate that she was more closely related to the population who lived in today’s Croatia than with the one who lived in Siberia 40,000 years earlier.