Physics

Fabiola Giannotti at the ATLAS experiment (Photo courtesy Claudia Marcelloni/CERN. All rights reserved)

CERN has announced the appointment of Italian scientist Fabiola Gianotti as new Director-General. The formalization will take place at the December meeting of the Council of Delegates that govern CERN. Dr. Gianotti’s mandate will start on January 1, 2016 and will run for five years. She’ll be the first woman to hold that office.

It’s been almost exactly two years since the announcement of the discovery of the Higgs boson. Meanwhile, Peter Higgs received the Nobel Prize for physics with François Englert for theorizing its existence but the research haven’t certainly stopped. A team of researchers of the CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid) experiment at CERN has just published in the journal “Nature Physics” an article that discusses more evidence for the existence of the Higgs boson, in particular its decay into fermions.

CERN scientists who work with the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) (photo ©Julian Herzog) announced that operations have started to reactivate the largest particle accelerator in the world. In February 2013, the LHC was switched off in what was called “Long shutdown 1” (LS1), needed to upgrade some of the equipment and perform other maintenance tasks.

Carlo Rubbia in 2012

Carlo Rubbia was born on March 31, 1934 in Gorizia, Italy. As a physicist, he carried out a lot of research at CERN, where he discovered the W and Z bosons, which earned him the Nobel Prize for physics. He’s still active with various projects that go from pure physics to alternative energy.

François Englert and Peter Higgs (Photo courtesy CERN. All rights reserved)

When last year two experiments at CERN, CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid) and ATLAS (A Toroidal LHC Apparatus), announced the preliminary results of their research confirming the existence of the Higgs boson, everybody started expecting Peter Higgs to receive the Nobel Prize for physics. Today came the official announcement of the award to him and François Englert, the other physicist who in the ’60s published an independent work that led to very similar conclusions.